New E-book Version of the Federalist Papers

Paragon House has made available a new edition of the Federalist Papers designed for e-book readers.

The Federalist Papers were written over 200 years ago as an argument for the U.S. Constitution. They contain an understanding of human nature, political power, and core principles often ignored by today’s political leaders, courts, schools, and the media. This ignorance has led to the breakdown of our political systems and to an unchecked growth of government. The application of these principles to our current governments can unleash the freedom, human energy, optimism, and economic productivity, necessary to provide a foundation for peace. Continue reading

2012 Election Commentary

I have voted Republican, with one unfortunate exception, since I supported Nixon against McGovern. However, the Republican candidates are so poor this time that until yesterday I intended to vote for Obama. Then the NYT posted the story on the arms shipments to Maliki. With these weapons the horrible Maliki will be more dangerous than Saddam was. Moreover, he is so anti-semitic that he likely eventually will support Iran against Israel, and possibly with the advanced weapons Obama is sending. With one exception, I will not vote for Obama whoever the Republican candidate is. That exception is Ron Paul. I will stay home if he is the candidate.

Morton A. Kaplan

Society in the 21st Century: Opportunities and Dangers, Fifth International Congress of PWPA

In 1992, at the First WCSF in Seoul, the Fifth International Congress of PWPA looked at the new technological developments and how they were changing human society—for better or for worse. PWPA presidents were asked to think about how they could avoid bad scenarios and foster positive developments in their respective societies. It was concluded that the future would be determined by what type of people controlled this new technology.

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Liberal Democratic Societies is the Topic of the Fourth International Congress.

The study of Liberal Democracies (August, 1989) was the third in a trilogy of PWPA Congresses designed to understand the world’s social systems. After the collapse of the Soviet Union—which co-chairman Edward Shils proclaimed at the conference one month before the Berlin Wall was torn down—democracy was championed as the future of all societies, and Fukuyama’s book, The End of History, was enjoying popularity. This congress was organized to help the world understand the strengths and weaknesses of liberal democratic societies and to caution that a workable democracy requires more than a free press and the right to vote.
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Fall of Soviet Empire Video

[hana-flv-player video=”http://www.pwpa.org/wp-content/pwpa/video/SovietUnionPWPA1985.flv” width=”500″ height=”320″ player=”4″ autoload=”true” autoplay=”false” loop=”false” autorewind=”true” clickurl=”www.pwpa.org” /]

1985 PWPA Congress Predicts Fall of the Soviet Empire

This is a medium resolution video. The lower resolution video is found here:

http://www.pwpa.org/1985/08/second-international-congress-the-fall-of-the-soviet-empire-prospects-for-transition-to-a-post-soviet-world/

The Importance of Systems Theory in Politics

Introduction to IJWP, September 2010

Twenty-five years ago, from August 16-20, 1985, the Professors World Peace Academy sponsored a conference on “The Fall of the Soviet Empire: Prospects for Transition to a Post-Soviet World,” organized by Professor Morton A. Kaplan of the University of Chicago and Lithuanian-born Soviet scholar Alexander Shtromas, who was teaching at the University of Salford in the UK. As an insider, Shtromas was one of the world’s most knowledgeable experts on the Soviet system. I was the secretary for the conference held in Geneva, Switzerland, in which over 90 research papers on all aspects of Soviet society were discussed.

In this issue of International Journal on World Peace, our first articles will take a retrospective look at the thought about the future of the Soviet Union and the international order at the time, some of the recommendations of Morton A. Kaplan and others, the collapse that came more quickly than most of those at the conference predicted, and opportunities for a more peaceful international order lost.
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Resolving Ethnic Conflicts in Nation-States

Introduction to IJWP, June 2010

With the rise of the sovereign nation-state, after the Peace of Westphalia in 1648, came a period of great scientific and technical advancement as well as the rise of national and international wars in which millions of people have perished. The modern state, which has the capacity for efficiently providing rule of law in which large populations can live peacefully, is more often than not a tool used by powerful people to exploit masses, or an instrument of power through which to seek world dominance.

The United Nations Security Council, organized by the major powers after two devastating world wars and the development of weapons of mass destruction, has provided deterrence against powerful states entering into traditional wars against other states. However, the state, as the center of sovereign power, has been the target for control by unscrupulous individuals and groups everywhere. The result is a world in which individuals and groups are oppressed by those who control state power. Continue reading

Power Politics in Southwest Asia

March 2010 IJWP

Intro­duc­tion to March 2010 IJWP

We can better understand the War on Terror and the role of Western military forces in Iraq, Afghanistan, and Pakistan by learning the history of the politics in the region. Southwest Asia is marked by many weak state governments and competition for control of them by more powerful neighbors, international superpowers, and non-state actors that include religious jihadists and independence movements. In the September 2009 issue of IJWP we discussed anarchy in unsecured territories, with an emphasis on Africa. Southwest Asia suffers from many of the same political dynamics: (1) state borders that were created by past political conquest, either by expansion by indigenous rulers or conquest by colonial masters, (2) the collapse of European colonialism and the rise of the bi-polar world of the Cold War that had rewarded dictatorial allies, (3) the collapse of the Soviet Union and the rise of hopes around the world for self-rule, and (4) new contests for state power based on self-determination movements, regional hegemons, and non-state religious and ideological actors.

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Realpolitik and World Peace

Introduction to December 2009 IJWP

Realpolitik is a term derived from German. It refers to a politics based on practical and material factors rather than on theoretical or ethical objectives (Merriam-Webster dictionary). Historically, many political platforms have been based on theoretical, religious, ideological, or moral arguments.

Most visions of ideal societies, as disparate as Plato, Confucius, Jesus, and Marx, all rely on changing basic human behavior. If we can only learn to love one another, to share with one another, to accept a Christian, Muslim, or socialist theory of justice, or change our selfish and exploitative behavior in some way, then we can create an ideal world. As we recently learned from the efforts of the Soviet Union to create a “new man,” one that is rational and scientific, the laws of nature are not easily trumped. Instead of getting a “new man” who gives according to his abilities and receives according to his needs, the Soviet Union got the Nomenklatura, the”old man” in a new bureaucratic class, who used position and power in the Soviet political system for personal and selfish desires.
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Anarchy in Unsecured Territories

Introduction to September 2009 IJWP

The modern desire for democracy and self-rule is largely a reaction against a history of oppression and exploitation following military conquest and imposed rule. World history is predominantly shaped by conquerors, yet most people desire to live their own lives and not serve as a means to someone else’s ends. While self-rule requires the overthrow of imposed rule, it is more difficult than the mere overthrow of a regime and the declaration of freedom and of rule of law. Self-rule requires self-discipline and the willingness to use force, when necessary, against foreign aggression and civil violence. Continue reading